What is Gingivitis

What is Gingivitis

Gum inflammation, additionally known as gingivitis, is a mild form of periodontal disease. Red or swollen gums, sensitivity to cold or hot drinks, and bad smell can be an alert to the oral problem. Commonly observed in adults over 30, gingivitis may become a source of critical health issues when untreated. The good news is that this gum disease is easy to treat and reversible in most cases.

What Are the Causes of Gum Inflammation?

Diagnosing gingival problems usually requires looking more deeply through the patient’s eating and hygiene habits. Poor oral hygiene is usually the underlying factor. Brushing teeth at least twice a day is recommended to avoid gum inflammation. As food particles may get stuck to the tooth surface and gum line, plaque appears as the initial cause of gingivitis. Consuming large amounts of sugar and carbohydrates also accelerates plaque formation. Malnutrition, usually seen in low-income communities, makes up an earlier base for gum lesions. Insufficient water intake is another issue grouped under dental-plaque oriented causes of gingivitis. As saliva helps break up food, it also reduces the sticking of particles between and around teeth. Long-term use of drugs such as oral contraceptives, anticonvulsant medications, and calcium channel blockers may deteriorate dental resistance against tartar.

Other Factors and Risk Factors Causing Gum Inflammation

Non-plaque orientation is the second group of health risks. These diverse causes of gum inflammation are more related to systemic and genetic factors. Diabetes, hypertension, cancer, and HIV bring about a high risk of gingival problems. Fungus and bacteria’s existence in the mouth or oral system may lead to gum inflammation and lesions on the gingiva. Hormonal changes during maternity and menopause trigger gingivitis in women. Smoking and tobacco chewing is another widely observed factor beneath gum inflammation.

What are the Symptoms of Gum Inflammation?

Gingivitis is not hard to detect. If you have developed a reddish look on the gum, experienced bleeding during or after brushing and flossing, felt some tenderness and even recession of gums, then it is time to visit your dentist. In milder cases, patients do not notice symptoms of gum inflammation unless an irritating chewing habit occurs. The poor breath may be a result of gingival problems, sometimes accompanied by another serious health issue. If you notice two or more symptoms, do not hesitate to arrange an appointment with your dental clinic.

What Happens If Gingivitis Is Not Treated?

Gingivitis is easily diagnosed by a dentist or periodontist. Plaque and tartar formation is checked after taking the oral history from the patient. X-ray or periodontal probing is needed for serious cases. If not treated, receding gums and loose teeth occur. In more severe cases, teeth loss and periodontitis become inevitable effects. Necrotizing ulcerative gingivitis is another painful form endangering dental health.

Gingivitis, How Is It Treated?

Oral hygiene is a must for the treatment of gingivitis. In some cases deep cleaning procedures can be recommended by the dentist. In more serious cases, medication or oral operation can be necessary. As you care about your oral hygiene, a professional cleaning can be done by the dentist. In this procedure, your dentist will clean the tartar and plaque from the gum line and the root surface. As medications, antibiotics can be prescribed, mouthwash with antiseptic can be suggested. In severe problems, dental operations can be considered.

How to Prevent Gingival Inflammation?

In fact, gingival inflammation is easy to prevent with home-based oral applications. You can follow up these six tips during your daily routines:

  • Brush your teeth preferably after every meal or at least twice a day.
  • Rinse with a mouthwash daily.
  • Use an interdental brush to overcome plaque formation on your teeth and gums.
  • Visit your dentist for removal of tartar or scaling twice a year.
  • Reduce sweets and chocolate in your diet and drink more water.
  • Do not postpone your annual dental check-up in case you possess risk factors of gingivitis

What is Abdominoplasty? | Plastic Surgery | Gotocure

What is Abdominoplasty?

What is Abdominoplasty?

 Abdominoplasty can be defined as the treatment method applied to remove sagging that occurs around the abdomen and hurts the appearance of people in terms of aesthetics. The name of tummy tuck surgery in the medical literature is known as “Abdominoplasty”. The application of this operation is as follows; An incision is made under the belly button and the sagging skin is collected. If the upper abdominal skin needs rejuvenation, the location of the belly button can be changed.

Abdominoplasty changes the physical appearance of a person. Also, since this operation is a surgical procedure, this operation may carry some risks. If there is smoking and alcohol use, if daily exercise programs do not destroy this saggy skin, abdominoplasty can be performed. With this surgery, the waistline becomes clear.

How is Preparation for Surgery Before Surgery?

There are some points to be considered before tummy tuck surgery. These points are as follows;

If there is smoking and alcohol consumption, it is recommended to quit 4 weeks before the surgery.

· Smoking and alcohol use should not be consumed for up to 2 weeks after surgery.

· The person who will have the surgery should not be exposed to the sun before the surgery.

· Heavy diet programs should not be applied before the operation.

· If the patient is using blood thinners, they should be discontinued before the operation.

· Since diseases such as colds and infections may delay this operation, such cases should be considered before the operation.

What are the Types of Abdominoplasty Surgery?

With tummy tuck surgery, the saggy skin that occurs as a result of weight loss is recovered. There are two types of tummy tuck surgery. These species are;

· Full Abdominoplasty (ABDOMINOPLASTY)

Partial Abdominoplasty (MINI-ABDOMINOPLASTY)

Abdominoplasty is performed by removing excess skin in the middle or lower abdomen. With this application, the abdominal muscles are stretched and made stronger. It should not be forgotten that this operation is not a weight-loss operation. For the surgery to take place, the patients are expected to lose a certain weight before the surgery. Saggy skin or belly problems are treated. However, after this operation, a scar remains in the abdomen.

There are many methods for performing a tummy tuck operation. tummy tuck surgery with body correction surgeries, that is, aesthetic breast surgeries, liposuction, etc. with surgeries or some other surgeries, uterus, ovary surgeries, etc. can be applied together. 

How is Abdominoplasty Performed?

Abdominoplasty is performed as follows;

· The duration of full tummy tuck surgery varies between 2 hours and 5 hours.

The duration of partial tummy tuck surgery varies between 1 hour and 2 hours.

· In full tummy tuck surgery, an incision is made extending from the right hip bone to the left hip bone.

· A second round incision is made around the navel.

In partial tummy tuck surgery, the incision line is shorter and the belly button is not changed.

During the operation, the skin of the abdomen is taken from the groin to the level of the ribs.

After the operation, the wound is closed with either metal clamps or a single or hidden (intradermic) suture, depending on preference.

The wound is covered with dressings.

· One or two tubes called drains can be placed under the skin to expel the excess fluid that will collect in the area.


What Happens After Tummy Tuck Surgery?

Things to Consider After Tummy Tuck Surgery are as follows;

In the first few days after the operation, there may be swelling and pain in the abdomen, and it is possible to control the nose with painkillers.

The drains are removed on average 1-3 days after the operation, and the stitches are removed 1-3 weeks after the operation.

It is necessary to stay in the hospital for 1-3 days on average. It may take several months for the patient to regain their former energy and health.

· It is possible to return 2 weeks to 4 weeks after the operation.

· The scar may appear to worsen in the first 3-6 months. However, this is normal, it may take 9 months to 1 year for the scars to heal.

· Scars do not disappear completely, but these scars can be easily hidden even under a bikini.

 Can You Get Pregnant After Tummy Tuck Surgery?

It is possible to get pregnant after tummy tuck surgery. Abdominoplasty does not affect the delivery process. However, for women who want to have a child in a short time after tummy tuck surgery, it is considered more appropriate by physicians to postpone this surgery. Although this surgery does not affect the process of getting pregnant, being pregnant may impair the effects of the surgery or cause sagging of the abdominal skin again.

What is the Price of Abdominoplasty?

Abdominoplasty surgery prices vary according to the types of mini tummy tuck or full tummy tuck surgery. Other factors that determine the cost of tummy tuck surgery are the experience of the doctor and the equipment of the hospital to be performed. To get information about the prices of tummy tuck surgery performed in Turkey, you can visit our website and contact our contracted doctors and clinics.

What is Bariatric Surgery? | Obesity Surgeries | Gotocure

What is Bariatric Surgery?

What is Bariatric Surgery?

Weight loss surgery methods are among the most widely applied surgical methods in recent years. The effects of weight loss surgery methods on health can be discussed. Being able to lose weight healthily is the most important point in this regard. there are non-surgical ways to lose weight healthily, but if the person cannot lose weight with non-surgical methods; For example, surgical operations are inevitable for the health of the person in cases where he cannot lose weight with the help of a dietitian and regular exercise. We have compiled the types of Bariatric Surgery for you. We wish you healthy reading.

Stomach Botox

Stomach Botox is one of the bariatric surgery operations that do not require surgery but help to lose weight. Stomach botox application is a botox method applied to some parts of the patient’s stomach by the endoscopic method. Botox gel injected into the stomach supports the patient to feel full for a long time and thus, the patient enters the weight loss process. The effect of stomach botox is up to 6 months. Processing time is about 15-20 minutes.

How Is Stomach Botox Applied?

Since stomach botox is not a surgical procedure, the patient is not anesthetized, but there are certain construction steps. The application steps of stomach botox are as follows;

• Since it is applied with the endoscopy method, the stomach is reached with the help of a hose from the mouth.

• Botox is injected into the necessary parts of the stomach.

• This process takes about 15-20 minutes.

• With this process, contraction of the stomach muscles is prevented and thus the secretion of hunger hormone is prevented.

What Should Be Considered After Stomach Botox?

After stomach botox, the patient can continue his social life from where he left off, but there are some points to be considered, as every medical procedure after stomach botox. These points are as follows;

• Attention should be paid to eating habits.

• Foods that we define as packaged or fast food should be avoided.

• Excessive fatty foods and carbohydrates should not be consumed.

• Acidic drinks should not be consumed.

• Consumption of products such as alcohol should also be avoided.

• A variety of nutrition should be given and physical exercises should be done in addition to nutrition.

• The weight loss target is set at a rate of 10-15%, this method may vary according to age, gender, and compliance with the diet.

• Attention should be paid to fluid consumption for a certain period.

Gastric Balloon

Gastric Balloon is a silo balloon placed in the stomach and inflated with air or liquid in the stomach. It is a method used by physicians in the treatment of bariatric surgery applied to the stomach with general anesthesia and endoscopy. After the gastric balloon is placed in the stomach, it is inflated to a certain size with the help of serum. This process takes about 20-30 minutes on average. After the application, the patient can be discharged on the same day after being kept under observation for a while. A feature of the gastric balloon is that it stays in the bidet for 6 to 12 months in the stomach.

 Who is the Gastric Balloon Applied to?

Gastric balloon operation is a method that supports temporary weight loss. However, there are some criteria for this operation to be applied. These criteria are as follows;

The patient;

• If there is no stomach ulcer, large gastric hernia, and pregnancy condition,

• If the body mass index (body fat ratio) is in the 25-50 slightly overweight or 30-45 obesity band,

• Being suitable for surgical applications,

• Not losing weight with diet and exercise

• Being between the ages of 18-65

• Absence of addictions such as alcohol and drugs,

• If there is no intestinal disease, gastric balloon application can be performed.

How is the Gastric Balloon Applied?

The gastric balloon is a temporary Bariatric Surgery operation. Gastric balloon application is performed as follows;

• The first rule to be followed is that the patient should be fasting for 12 hours.

• Anesthesia is given to the patient and the patient is put into a light sleep.

• A silo balloon is placed on the patient with the endoscopy method.

• The balloon placed in the stomach is inflated with liquid or air with the help of a catheter.

• The inflated balloon covers a certain part of the stomach and supports weight loss by helping the patient stay full for longer.

Sleeve Gastrectomy

Gastric sleeve surgery is the removal of 80% of the stomach by laparoscopy, that is, closed surgery, and the creation of a new stomach in the form of a tube resembling a banana. Although the size of the stomach differs from gender to gender and age to age, the rate of gastric reduction is the same. The 1-1.5-liter capacity of the stomach is reduced to 100-150 milliliters. With this surgery, it is not possible to restore the old stomach form or later, such as a gastric balloon operation.

What Should Be Considered After Gastric Sleeve Surgery?

• Solid foods and liquid foods should not be consumed at the same time after sleeve gastrectomy surgery. Liquid foods should be consumed either 30 minutes before or 30 minutes after.

• It is necessary to take enough fluids during the day.

• If you do not drink enough fluids, you may feel weak due to dehydration. Don’t wait to be thirsty to drink water and always drink little and often.

• You should stay away from all carbonated, caffeinated, and alcoholic beverages.

• It will be easier to lose weight if you set a daily walking or regular exercise plan.

• Your eating time should be between 20 and 30 minutes. When you eat food quickly, it can cause stomach pain or vomiting due to poor chewing.

• You can consult a bariatric dietitian for a diet list suitable for you.

Mini Gastric Bypass

One of the bariatric surgery operations is mini gastric bypass surgery. This method is the simplest and fastest Bariatric Surgery used in the treatment of obesity. It is a type of weight loss surgery that is low in cost and the patient can be discharged as soon as possible. The purpose of this treatment method is to reduce the volume of the stomach and to reduce some of the food absorptions in the small intestines, which is a type of Bariatric Surgery that helps to lose weight. It is a type of closed surgery.

How is Mini Gastric Bypass Applied?

Since Mini Gastric Bypass bariatric surgery is one of the closed surgical methods, Mini Gastric Bypass surgery is performed as follows;

• Approximately 5 incisions smaller than 1 cm are created on the abdomen without making small incisions.

• Through the opened incisions, the abdomen is entered with special medical instruments.

• A tube is created at the entrance of the stomach to act as a stomach.

• Intestinal connection is made with the formed tube.

• The process is completed with internal sutures and sutures applied to close the incisions.

In this case, a large part of the stomach remains in the abdomen.