What is Maternal Obesity?



Maternal obesity is used to describe the conditions of person who have obesity-level weight during pregnancy. In the case of Parental Obesity, obesity appears in both parents. Maternal obesity significantly increases the risk of pregnancy complications. This situation is also a challenge for healthcare professionals.

Pregnancy can trigger obesity regardless of person’s previous weight. People who gain a lot of weight during pregnancy may face the risk of obesity in the following 15 years. In addition, maternal obesity causes impairments in insulin resistance, glucose homeostasis, fat oxidation and amino acid synthesis. Body Mass Index (BMI) is used to determine obesity:

    • Obesity I: Body Mass Index between 30.0 – 34.9

    • Obesity II: Body Mass Index between 35.0 – 39.9

    • Advanced Obesity (III): Body Mass Index of 40.0 and above

After your Body Mass Index measurement, you will be offered a suitable treatment method for whatever obesity type you are.


Does Maternal Obesity Affect the Baby – Fetus?


Maternal obesity may cause options such as premature birth, neonatal death and low birth weight. Approximately 45% of babies born under 1 kg experience neurodevelopmental problems. Disorders such as diabetes can be seen in the child born to a pregnant person with maternal obesity. In addition, children with obese parents are at an increased risk of experiencing liver disorders. People who did not have obesity before and who experienced maternal obesity during pregnancy should pay attention to their nutrition and exercise. Diets containing low calories and fat and high fiber are generally used. We recommend that you consult a dietician for the right diet for you.


How Obesity Is Treated?


The following methods can be tried to get rid of the obesity problem:

    • Stomach Botox: This process helps to lose weight by controlling your desire to eat and digestive problems.

    • Gastric Balloon: This non-surgical operation can help you lose weight while preparing for different surgeries.

    • Gastric Sleeve Surgery: With this operation, 80% of your stomach is removed and you have a smaller stomach.

You may not be operated on during maternal obesity. However, if there is a planned pregnancy, people at risk of obesity can benefit from the methods mentioned above. We would like to remind you that for all these methods, you should first consult an expert.